written by experts in a field for experts in a field.
filled with jargon.
examples: Library Journal, Nursing Research
Popular information is:
written for a general audience.
filled with language understood by a general audience.
examples: New York Times, Time, People
Peer-review is used sometimes by scholarly formats to ensure scholarly research is vetted by other scholars in that field. The intention is to produce the highest quality research. This is not the same as editing a magazine or newspaper. It usually involves multiple experts on a topic reviewing an article before publication to ensure it is quality research. The reviewers are usually anonymous to the author. Major edits as recommended by the reviewers may be required.